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Hendrick Laursen
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There are many things to be discussed, but I prefer to start discussing with prophet Muhammad’s (pbuh) War Behaviors and Moralities. Note that as I’m quoting from Arabic reference books, some of these names might be written in another spelling in other English books or websites. I'm writing nothing from myself, it's all the result of my 10-hours study from Reliable Islamic reference history books. I'll cite as I write. You can search all the keywords in Wikipedia, for further studying.
Muhammad’s amnesty, forgiving and mercy on his enemies are somehow stunning as follows:

1) In the Battle of Hunayn, not only he forgave the majority of his adversary forces, he returned back their goods (taken during the war) and freed their captives, he forgave Malik bin 'Awf, the head of the Hawazin tribe, and gave him 100 camels –while he was still infidel.
After Malik accepted Islam, Muhammad appointed him as the head of the Muslims of Hawazin and Bani-Sa’ad tribes, who were – as Ibn- Hisham writes – over 6,000 people.
He forgave the Bani-Sa’ad tribe, just because his nurse and nanny in childhood, Halima Saadiah was from that tribe.1

2) In Mecca’s Conquest, the Quraysh tribe, which had been his enemy for 21 years, were captivated. Many Muslims – as for revenge – were shouting: “الیوم یوم الملحمة” which means “Today’s the day of Great war and Conquest” threatening the captives to death. Muhammad answered “الیوم یوم المرحمة” “Today’s the day of Mercy and Forgiving”. And replied in front of people’s – And war starting leaders’ – stunned and astonished faces: “Go! And you’re all set free!” also he said “No one of you will be blamed today.” and forgave everyone.

3) In Khaybar’s battle, when Muslim’s seized the Jews’ Castles, some offered that Muhammad closed the Waterway to castle or poisoned their Water. He strongly resisted and forbade poisoning in wars. This was officially the first time someone banned using Chemical weapons and Mass killing in Wars. 2

4) Aswad the Shepherd, who was the Shepherd of Jew’s Cattle, became a Muslim during the Khaybar battle. He brought the Cattle to Muhammad and said “All for you”. But Prophet insisted “Although we’re now fighting the Jews, you’re their trustee, and the cattle must be brought back to them.” This was in the war-time, and when Hundreds of Jew soldiers were hungry. 3

5) In Khandaq’s Battle – or the war of unites(Al-Ahzab) – After 'Amr bin Abdiwad’s defeat and death by Ali, another of the infidels’ leaders called Nawfil-bin-Abdullah4 , was thrown inside the trench and died. The infidels had torn apart the corpse of Hamzah, the Prophet’s uncle in the Battle of Badr, and Abu-Sufyan’s wife, Hind – had eaten his liver. They feared that Muslims would take their revenge, so Abu-Sufyan sent 10,000 dinars to take back the corpse. Anyway, Prophet, returned both Corpse and Money and said “We don’t eat the dead money.” 5

6) Prophet was always saying “Don’t kill women, or the youth or the elderly, and don’t burn palm-trees or farms.” 6

7) In battle of Uhud, after the primary victory of Muslim forces, the fate turned and Prophet got stuck in Khalid-bin-Walid’s assault. Then, from the enemy’s stones, his teeth broke and his face got bloody and injured. His legs broke as he fell in the well the enemy had dug. When he reached Medina, his companions asked him to curse the infidels who had injured him. Then, he said one of his most famous quotes:
“انی لم أبعث لعّاناً و لکن بعثت داعیا و رحمة”
“I wasn’t sent a curser, I was sent a caller [to God] and a mercy.”
then he raised his hands and said:
“Oh Allah! Guide my people as they don’t know.”
He always provided another chance for his enemies and even asked Allah to guide them.
After Kehibar’s conquest, Bilal ineluctably brought a captive woman to Muslims’ Camp from a path which was beside the Corpses of Casualties. Prophet strongly forbade him and said: “Has passion and mercy been taken out of you [r hearts]?”

-----------------------END NOTES--------------------------
1) Maghazee, Vol 1, Bihar, Vol 20 and Ibn-Hisham, Sirah, Vol 3.
2) Wasaeelol Shi'aa, Jihad
3) Ibn-Hisham, Sirah, Vol 3, p 344.
4) The book Bihar, Vol 20 and Ib-Sa'ad in Tabaqat have written this name as Abdul-Uzza.
5) Bihar, Vol 20, p 205. The original sentence is: "فبعث المشرکون الی رسول الله یشترون بجیفته بهشرة آلاف فقال النبی انا لا نأکل عن الموتی."
6) Sheikh Hurr Aamili, Wasaeel, Jihad, Vol 11.

Last edited by Hendrick Laursen on September 2nd, 2014, 3:53 pm, edited 3 times in total.
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