It seems that there have been several renewals of science---recurrent darkened dumbed-down ages, repeated struggling and stumbling towards fresh light. Galileo was not the only hero of renascence. History of science now looks more intricate than it did before I saw these books, and more interesting!
The First Scientist: Anaximander and his legacy
The Forgotten Revolution: How Science Was Born in 300 BC and Why it Had to Be Reborn
Decoding the Heavens: A 2000-Year-Old-Computer and the Century-long Search to Discover its Secrets