Snowball Earth Mass Extinction?EurekaAlert

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Snowball Earth Mass Extinction?EurekaAlert

Postby wolfhnd on May 26th, 2009, 7:55 pm 

Microfossils challenge prevailing views of the effects of 'Snowball Earth' glaciations on life


"Snowball Earth" is the popular term for glaciations that occurred between approximately 726 and 635 million years ago and are hypothesized to have entombed the planet in ice, explained co-author Susannah Porter, assistant professor of earth science at UCSB. It has long been noted that these glaciations are associated with a big drop in the fossil diversity, suggesting a mass die-off at this time, perhaps due to the severity of the glaciations. However, the authors of the study found evidence suggesting that this drop in diversity occurred some 16 million or more years before the glaciations. And, they offer an alternative reason for the drop.

" As a result of high levels of organic matter, oxygen levels in the water can become depleted, resulting in widespread "dead zones." Porter and colleagues also found evidence for extreme anoxia in association with the bacterial blooms.

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/ ... 052609.php
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