My “T model” for AstrophysicsI’ve just come back from a vacation to a French “scientific” discussion. I should have stayed home. The vacation lasted 2 weeks before I was “banished” from two discussions because my ideas were “perturbing” the exchanges.
And I’m leaving out the insignificance of the retorts, I had to “put up to”, from those “knowledgeable” persons. Sadly enough, quite a bit of those were french scientists; so they said. This was my second serious try to exchange with them. I’m afraid that there will never be a third try. Which is very hard on me because I’m a “French speaking Québécois” that defends is language in our vast sea of English speaking community.
Anyway, there’s one thing positive that I learned from them. Which is that the
Newton notion, that “bugs” me so much, was
only a “model” to explain things. And the same is said for the
Einstein “model”. This “model" definition is what makes acceptable whatever doesn’t concord between the two models. Too bad they didn’t accept to discuss my own “model”.
And this is what started my actual action.
I’ve decided to present my own “T-Model”; “T” being for “TOE”. In other words, my “T model” is a “model” for a “Theory Of Everything”. So, there’s nothing to get excited about, it’s only a “model” to explain things; right?
This “T-model” should solves everything, including the “Planck era” problem which is behind the limit of our “scientist’s accessibility”.
Scientists cannot access to that era because
they use mathematics; and mathematics collapses
when it reaches Planck’s time, length, energy etc.
So I’ll use a different tool. I’ll use the tool of which, Galileo said, is the
only one capable of explaining
all events in nature.
Let’s see if he was right.
As I promised, we will start at Time =
zero; which means that energy is at “
zero”. Consequently there is
no temperature existing; which is “
zero Kelvin”.
Consequently, the first drawing as to be regarding “
Time” which naturally, starts at “
zero”. That’s a limit which even time cannot cross. So let’s draw a “time arrow” and add-in the information we have, today, from science:
Wow! Galileo was right! Just by drawing a simple line, we get a lot of information that science doesn’t really take into consideration.
1- Time had to start at “zero”, when
absolutely nothing existed.
2- The Big-bang was
a manifestation of energy. So this energy had to accumulate
before the Big-bang in order to manifest itself. This means that the energy accumulated
during Planck’s era (A) and the Big-bang
occurred at Planck’s time (10^-43 second).
3- From that moment (at Planck time) our universe started to exist (B) and expanded until today,
still expanding toward the future.
This is the “Time” story of our universe. And it cannot be otherwise; which doesn’t seem complicated at all; we have to admit.
But what about the energy creation period?
How could energy be created and furthermore, how could it accumulated to its maximum?We all know that no energy was ever “created” since the Big-bang.
On the other hand, luckily for us, no energy ever disappeared since the Big-bang either.
This is the so called “
Principle of mass conservation” and since
mass = energy it should be called “
Principle of energy conservation”.
Either way, our universe is a “
closed system” even if it is expanding; because
nothing else exists around it;
not even space.
And since this energy’s manifestation, at the Big-bang, is responsible for the “
expansion in all directions” from everywhere, this energy has to be “
kinetic”.
“Kinetic” means “motion”; so
the creation of that energy has to be related to “motion”.
There are only four kinds of motion that exist (vibration is the same as the following first two kinds of motions):
1- Up and down motion (vibration)
2- Sideways motion (vibration)
3- To and fro motion
4- Rotating motion. (rotation)
There is
only one of those four kinds of motion that
increases “speed”; which means
increases “energy”. And that is the “rotating motion”.
In a rotation,
speed increases tangentially in the direction of the rotation.
Let’s check with a drawing once again:
It’s easy to see that the “
D” balls have to travel a longer distance than the “
C” balls, which travels a longer distance than the “
B” balls. So there is an
increase in speed the farther you are from the center (“
A” ball).
But this event is not really
increasing speed; because all different speeds are stable and aren’t increasing. So how can we explain
increasing energy?
It’s pretty simple if you forget whatever Newton has put in your mind for a minute.
First of all. There is no centrifugal or centripetal “
forces” involved. Whatever is involved are simply “
effects” produced by
the rotating motion. Calling them “forces” will only
blur you mind.
The first “effect” to appear, when the rotation starts, is the
centrifugal effect. If you spin fast enough, your hairs will be projected
away from your scalp. And if they are not rooted firmly,
you will lose them. So there is no “
centripetal effect” involved beside the fact that your hairs are
attached to your head.
This being cleared, let’s find out what could have
started the rotation when energy was at “
zero”.
The "Quantum dynamic"
model will supply the answer with its
vacuum energy notion.
Vacuum energy is an underlying background energy that exists in space
throughout the entire Universe. The vacuum energy is a special case of
zero-point energy in a
zero point field that relates to the quantum vacuum.
Zero-point energy (ZPE) is the
lowest possible energy that a quantum mechanical system may have. Which means that even at
zero Kelvin there is still a bit of energy existing.
This is the bit of energy that is enough to start our rotation. And since there is
nothing else existing beside it, it will be
that energy itself that will start
rotating.
By rotating, it will start
to expand. This expansion isn’t applied to a “volume”; it starts from a “point” and “
creates” a “surface”.
Let me explain that.
A “zero point” is a
non-existing point. You cannot see it because
it is not there. The other reason is that you can never “
see” energy anyway. So even if there’s a bit of energy, it cannot be observed. This non-observed energy is
present, even before the geometrical “punctual” point ever appears, which is
the first dimension in geometry.
So, even if we cannot see it, we will figure it as a
non-solid “point” that starts rotating.
In order to “see” what happens, let’s imagine that you are making a pizza. If you’re good at it, you will throw the “pasta” in the air to enlarge it and make it perfectly round. It is the
centrifugal effect that expands evenly your rotating pizza dough.
And while expanding, the circumference of your pizza will increase speed as it increases its diameter.
Check this video:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i2Qc3KR6XVQNow, for our mathematics buffs, here is how to calculate tangential speed:
First you take the diameter and multiply it by “
pi” which is 3.1416 (approximately)
So if you have a diameter of 5 inches the circumference will be 5 x 3.1416 = 15.708 inches.
Then you divide the circumference by the time it takes for one complete rotation. We had 10 seconds in our drawing; so 15.708 inches divided by 10 seconds = a speed of
1.5708 inches by second.
Therefore when your pizza expands to 10 inches, you get 10 x 3.1416 = 31.416 inches of circumference; divide by 10 seconds =
3.1416 inches per seconds.
Has you can see, the speed of the pizza’s circumference
doubled while its diameter
doubled. Thus there really is
an increase of energy supplied by the rotation.
But even this speed increase isn’t as fast as the speed increase during the Planck era. The difference is that
the quantity of your pizza dough
doesn’t change while rotating; which is not the case of
our starting bit of energy.
When we have that bit of energy that starts rotating, it doesn’t disappear after the first rotation, but keeps doing its
kinetic action. So when the second rotation starts, the increase of kinetic energy
produced by the rotation, adds itself to the starting bit of energy. Which makes energy “accumulate” and speed
increases a lot faster. Let’s see the event in a drawing. I’ll draw the added energy
coming from underneath the energy’s surface:
Let me explain the drawing.
A, B and
C are
moments in time; let’s say: 1st turn, 2nd turn and 3rd turn.
At “
A”, there is only a bit of energy involved, and it makes a full rotation increasing the tangential speed (kinetic energy).
So at “
B” (start of second turn), all the kinetic energy
present takes action, which doubles the amount of kinetic energy first involved.
The same event occurs at “
C”, but then, it’s
the previous doubled kinetic energy that doubles; so you have
four times more energy than at the first rotation.
This constant
adding of kinetic energy increases speed
on top of the created rotating tangential speed (which is the
second factor of the event) that
already doubles at every turn.
So if we put a value of “1” to the initial energy “point”, after the first completed rotation you get
double speed = 2,
plus the double value of energy increase which totals
4 times the initial energy value. And then, this 4 times more energy value
starts to operate.
At the end of the
second rotation, you get an injection of
double speed of 4 = 8 times more than the initial energy plus
the value of 8 added tangential kinetic energy that, then, starts to operate; which is
a total of 16 times more than the initial kinetic energy.
So in just two rotations starting with a value of “1” you increase to a value of “16”.
There should be a formula to calculate this increasing “ratio”; but I don’t even want to think about it. I leave it to specialists.
The important fact is that
we’ve found the operation that increased the start of our zero point energy.
And this increase of kinetic energy kept on going
during all the Planck era.
The next question that comes to mind is:
Why did it stop at Plank’s time (10^-43 sec)?I’ll get to this question in my next post.
If anything is wrong in this post don't hesitate to point it with an explanation of your objection; please.