That was helpful in what it led to, as follows. Of the 12 thinking flaws explained there, all, even including the one at the top of the list, confirmation bias, are just examples of the second of the two flaws I proposed for our list of thinking flaws - specious reasoning, which should have been #1 as I will now propose at the end here.
It's grossly inefficient, a severe violation of Occam's Razor, to list 12 thinking flaws when understanding and staying mindful of just that one - specious reasoning - will, if assimilated and practiced, prevent all twelve of the manifestations of specious reasoning they listed.
With this I also see now that my #1 candidate for the thinking-flaws list, confirmation bias, is also just an example of specious reasoning, but in our era should be strongly noted under specious reasoning due to the greatly amplified exacerbation of it by some strictly partisan TV channels (FOX and MSNBC, e.g.), 91% right-wing talk radio, plus severely one-sided Internet sites. All are presented in ways to make them seem like journalistic operations when what they are is extremely dangerous population polarizers, heavily contributing to this ominous "post-truth era."
So then, our list now looks like this:
1. Specious Reasoning (paralogism):
Including confirmation bias and many other examples of speciousness such as bandwagoning ("herd mentality") and probability neglect (as of the fact flying is safer than driving), specious reasoning is assuming something is true because it makes superficial sense but which proves false upon further examination; an example is throwing water on a grease fire (spreading it), because we've seen water generally works in other fire situations. One way to detect specious reasoning is asking, "Is my assumption valid in most or all other contexts?" (e.g., grease fires).
If anyone has another item for this thinking-flaws list that is distinct from Specious Reasoning, please suggest it in a nice concise term with as brief as possible explanation. The purpose is to have such an organized list in mind so we can always be ready to try and alert others, and ourselves, to our need to avoid such bad thinking processes that are seriously endangering our world.