If you control your own actions, then you can be punished for bad actions and rewarded for good actions. If you don't control your actions, whatever you do wrong is not your fault and whatever you do right is not your merit.
And, of course, without free will, we cannot blame or credit, reward nor punish;
So, if you can discuss anyone's free will, you probably have it yourself.
Gregorygregg1 wrote:"...free will matters in part because it is a precondition for deserving blame for bad acts and deserving credit for achievements. "
In other words, the ego requires at least the illusion of free will to survive. Whether I receive blame or credit makes no difference, either is a confirmation of my individuality. On the other hand, free will may mean the ability to choose to reject the ego and realize what I truly am, without blame or credit.
when you say that "make a choice" and "decide" differ, do you mean that "make a choice" presuposes free will, but "decide" does not neccessarily do so?
In my limited experience Islamic societies do not deny free will,
In my own observations of my mind during the moment when choices are made, i can choose any of the available options, i may follow my desires or fears or plans or what ever advisors are there, but i do not have to. I assume that others are the same, when they actually pay attention to the process, which, admittedly is hard to do.
However it should be noted that people are not predestined by Allah to enter Hell. Rather people will only bear the their own sins that they themselves committed with free will and no one will be responsible for another persons deeds. The Quran holds that no man will be treated unjustly and everything will judged by Allah. The Qur'an says this in the following verse:
" Say: You will not be questioned as to what we are guilty of, nor shall we be questioned as to what you do. Say: Our Lord will gather us together, then will He judge between us with the truth; and He is the greatest Judge, the All-knowing."
— Qur'an, Sura 34 (Saba'), ayat 25-26
"They will cry out to them: Were we not with you? They shall say: Yea! but you caused yourselves to fall into temptation, and you waited and doubted, and vain desires deceived you till the threatened punishment of Allah came, while the archdeceiver deceived you about Allah. "
— Qur'an, Sura 57 (Al-Hadid), ayat 14
Framing laws presupposes free will.
Carrying out the judgments, reward and punishments under the law presupposes free will.
Calling total strangers Dear requires free will and refraining from same does, too.
Please to exercise latter option.
Dear, Thank you for this answer. I am surely from planet Mars because I just can not believe you have written that.
With ego you add a new concept on the block. Some civilisations did not have the concept of free will (inch allah maktoub : everything is already written) and the people did not commit suicide because an alleged "ego" was frustrated.
The scientific advent of the murder of the free will will arguably follow that of god and, finally, people will as a consequence procrastinate more and this would yield peace.
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