test 1234

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test 1234

Postby hyksos on November 29th, 2019, 6:32 pm 




[tr]
[th]Claim[/th]
[th]Falsifying evidence.[/th]
[th] [/th]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td]"All swans are white."[/td]
[td]A black swan[/td]
[td][/td]
[/tr]
[tr]
[td][/td]
[td][/td]
[td][/td]
[/tr]
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Re: test 1234

Postby hyksos on November 29th, 2019, 6:37 pm 

Code: Select all
[row][/row]

[column][/column]


[table][/table]


[tag][/tag]
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Re: test 1234

Postby hyksos on November 29th, 2019, 7:38 pm 










Claim Observation Falsification
"All swans are white." black swan Not all are white.
"The information in DNA cannot increase." retrovirus viruses which invade and then "write" their own DNA into the host's DNA strands. They hijack a protein called reverse transcripterase. In some cases this change is then inherited to the offspring. Bacteriophages do not have a brain, and therefore no inteligence either. They don't even have organelles.
"DNA is never observed changing." bacterial conjugation, bacterial transduction DNA in marine bacteria changes rapidly while they are still alive. Bacteria are observed trading their DNA off with each other ('like kids exchanging baseball cards')
"DNA can sustain small modifications, but the genes don't change. Only an intelligence can design a genotype." horizontal gene transfer bacteria can gain whole new biological process by obtaining a complete gene from another bacterium.
"DNA is a monolithic molecular system in all organisms. Design-wise, it was a needle-in-haystack. Only an intelligence could have found it." plasmids, prokaryotes Genetic biochemistry is not monolithic. bacteria do not have chromosomes and store their DNA in closed rings called plasmids. Prokaryotes have no nucleus.
"If DNA modifications give rise to an effective difference, then those changes must have been carried out by an intelligence." restriction endonucleases bacteria take in invading viruses, pull apart their DNA strands, modify them, stitch them back together, then send the modified virus back into the water. These changes are both effective and useful. Bacteria have no brain.
"Anything that is smart enough to modify genetic material must have a mind. The understanding of DNA's information requires a mind/intelligence." tRNA-splicing endonucleases After transcriptions in the nucleus, mRNA is broken into introns and exons which are discarded or kept by activation with tRNA-splicing endonucleases. This is used by organisms as immune response against viruses, and as a mechanism to fight cancer. All of these processes of identification, monitoring, and discarding proceed by molecules and chemistry. Molecules have no mind.
"Significant changes to DNA cannot be inherited." mitochondrial DNA mitochondria have their own distinct DNA line completely separate from the organism's DNA. In mammals, this mitochondrial DNA is inherited only via the mother.
"Bacteria have extraneous properties that cannot be explained as being encoded in their DNA. Bacteria have 'inexplicable' aspects that are best explained as originating from intelligent creation." prokaryotes Prokaryotes are a kind of bacteria that skip transcription-splicing-translation, and just create proteins directly from DNA.All biological processes of a prokaryote are specifically associated 1-to-1 with their DNA. There are no ''gaps'' where a creative intelligence could tinker.
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Re: test 1234

Postby hyksos on November 29th, 2019, 7:42 pm 

The goal of science is to model and explain what is observed.

Let Hc denote the hypothesis : "The bacteria in the earth's oceans are the products of special creation by an intelligence that designed them."

The following evidence contradicts Hc. The changes to their blueprint (DNA) is so rapid and so common that Hc is not even a plausible hypothesis. Hc doesn't even get off the cutting room floor. Hc does not explain what is factually observed. Vis-a-vis the goal of science, (stated above), there is no intra-disciplinary problem, nor identifiable rationale for proposing Hc. Bacteria were not created. The observations in nature innocently demonstrate that bacteria and viruses are always in an ongoing process of self-creation.

The observations are not suppositions gleaned from deduction from fossil records. All evidence listed below is on-demand repeatable in front of a jury. Most of these things could be done live, in a glass beaker of water set on a table.

The template of falsification using the textbook swans. Claim/ observation/ falsification.
Claim :

Observation :

Falsification :
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Re: test 1234

Postby hyksos on November 29th, 2019, 8:19 pm 

The template of falsification using the textbook swans. Claim/ observation/ falsification.
====
Claim : "All swans are white."
Observation : black swan
Falsification : Not all are white.

====
Claim : "The information in DNA cannot increase."
Observation : retrovirus
Falsification :viruses which invade and then "write" their own DNA into the host's DNA strands. They hijack a protein called reverse transcripterase. In some cases this change is then inherited to the offspring. Bacteriophages do not have a brain, and therefore no inteligence either. They don't even have organelles.

====
Claim : "DNA is never observed changing."
Observation : bacterial conjugation, bacterial transduction
Falsification :DNA in marine bacteria changes rapidly while they are still alive. Bacteria are observed trading their DNA off with each other ('like kids exchanging baseball cards')

====
Claim : "DNA can sustain small modifications, but the genes don't change. Only an intelligence can design a genotype."
Observation : horizontal gene transfer
Falsification :bacteria can gain whole new biological process by obtaining a complete gene from another bacterium.

====
Claim : "DNA is a monolithic molecular system in all organisms. Design-wise, it was a needle-in-haystack. Only an intelligence could have found it."
Observation : plasmids, prokaryotes
Falsification :Genetic biochemistry is not monolithic. bacteria do not have chromosomes and store their DNA in closed rings called plasmids. Prokaryotes have no nucleus. Eukaryotes have chromosomes and a nucleus. Worse, viruses don't even have organelles, and cannot self-reproduce.

====
Claim : "If DNA modifications give rise to an effective difference, then those changes must have been carried out by an intelligence."
Observation : restriction endonucleases
Falsification :bacteria take in invading viruses, pull apart their DNA strands, modify them, stitch them back together, then send the modified virus back into the water. These changes are both effective and useful. Bacteria have no brain.

====
Claim : "Anything that is smart enough to modify genetic material must have a mind. The understanding of DNA's information requires a mind/intelligence."
Observation : tRNA-splicing endonucleases
Falsification :After transcriptions in the nucleus, mRNA is broken into introns and exons which are discarded or kept by activation with tRNA-splicing endonucleases. This is used by organisms as immune response against viruses, and as a mechanism to fight cancer. All of these processes of identification, monitoring, and discarding proceed by molecules and chemistry. Molecules have no mind.

====
Claim : "Significant changes to DNA cannot be inherited."
Observation : mitochondrial DNA
Falsification :mitochondria have their own distinct DNA line completely separate from the organism's DNA. In mammals, this mitochondrial DNA is inherited only via the mother.


====
Claim : "Bacteria have extraneous properties that cannot be explained as being encoded in their DNA. Bacteria have 'inexplicable' aspects that are best explained as originating from intelligent creation."
Observation : prokaryotes
Falsification :Prokaryotes are a kind of bacteria that skip transcription-splicing-translation, and just create proteins directly from DNA.All biological processes of a prokaryote are specifically associated 1-to-1 with their DNA. There are no ''gaps'' where a creative intelligence could tinker. There are no gaps in the scientific knowledge of these molecular processes.
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